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Glossary of printing terms

Every wonder what DPI is? Is print resolution confusing? This page is a collection of commonly used terminology for digital printing. Still have questions? Ask us!

Definitions for digital printing, picture enlargement and photo resolution

The following terms are commonly used when printing digital photo enlargements:

Archival ink
UV-resistant ink ideal for digital photo prints, giclee artwork and picture enlargements
Blow up
Enlarge a photo, usually to giclee print a digital picture, scanned image, fine art enlargement or picture
Color management
Calibration of equipment to yield accurate color reproductions and picture enlargements
DPI (dots per inch)
Measurement of picture resolution which is reduced by enlargement of photos, pictures, or fine art
Digital picture
Photo scanned or taken with a digital camera, ready for enlargement
Digital printing
Process of printing a digital picture or giclee fine art picture to a digital printer
Digital proof
Digital image of an enlargement picture viewable on a monitor
Enlarge
To increase the size of a digital photo or digital picture, for printing an enlargement
Enlargement
A digital photo, digital picture, or fine art reproduction that has been enlarged and printed
Fine art reproduction
High-resolution, giclee museum quality reproduction or enlargement of artwork images and paintings
Giclee printing
Digital printing, i.e. large format digital print, giclee fine art reproduction or photo enlargement
Image resolution
The number of pixels (dots) contained in a digital image or enlargement
Interpolation
Special image enlarging algorithm designed to preserve photo quality during enlargement
JPEG or JPG
File format for digital picture images with superior compression ideal for digital photos, enlargements and picture reproduction
Large format printing
Process of giclee printing photographs, picture enlargements, prints or reproductions
Media
The substrate the enlargement or digital picture is to be giclee printed on
Museum-quality
High-quality image output for reproductions and photo enlargements
Photo enlargement
Process of blowing up and printing a digital picture reproduction on a large format giclee printer
Photo resizing
Enlargement of original photos, (e.g. enlarged from 8x10 to life size or poster size)
Photoshop
Software used to enlarge, resize, modify and print digital photo picture enlargements, artwork or fine art to a digital printer
Physical proof
Printed picture reproduction for approving color and printed enlargement resolution
Pixel
A single dot representing a color in an enlargement picture
Scanned image
Artwork, pictures, photos or fine art that have been digitized (input) with a scanner
TIFF or TIF
File format for lossless digital pictures and photos; ideal for enlargements, fine art giclee reproductions, digital photos and pictures, but files are much larger